Whitfields of Southern Africa
  Clark's Party
 

THE SETTLER HANDBOOK by MD Nash (Chameleon Press, Cape Town 1987)

[To see the links underlined in blue below kindly visit Ms Nash's 1820 Settlers web-site]

The over 4,000 British people, who came to South Africa as the 1820 Settlers had a powerful impact on the development of the country. Today, their numerous descendants are scattered throughout the sub-continent, and the world, even though most of the Settlers were initially located on grants of land in and around Albany, in the Eastern Cape.

 

  • About The Author

    Mrs Nash has compiled a revised list of the original settlers of 1820, working mostly from documents in the Cape Archives and the Public Record Office, London. The result is a valuable aid to researchers and settler descendants wanting to explore their ancestral origins.

    The author, herself a settler descendant, was born in Grahamstown, the 'settler city'. She has an MA degree in history from Rhodes University, and was head of the cultural history divisions of the Port Elizabeth and Albany museums. Her publications include BAILIE'S PARTY OF 1820 SETTLERS (Balkema, Cape Town 1982), and she is acknowledged as an authority on the 1820 settlers.

  • INDEX OF SETTLER NAMES
  • THE SETTLER SHIPS DETAILS

     

  • ILLUSTRATIONS
     
    MAP of the Albany Settlement
    THE CHAPMAN transport ship
    HM Store Ship WEYMOUTH
    Heads of Parties LETTER OF INTRODUCTION
    General RULES

     

  • CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS to 'THE SETTLER HANDBOOK'
  • THE SETTLEMENT SCHEME
  • THE SETTLER SHIPS
  • THE SETTLER PARTIES
  • THE SETTLER PARTIES

     

    CLARK'S PARTY

    No. 6 on the Colonial Department list, led by William Clark, a surgeon of 19 Nelson Street, Commercial Road, London. After entering his name on the list of Bailie's party, he approached the Colonial Department for an official appointment as surgeon in the new settlement at the Cape, and when that was refused he applied for permission to take out a joint-stock party of 33 men and their families (none of whose names appeared in the final sailing list). Clark then arranged to include under his direction a group of young men from the Refuge for the Destitute in Hoxton, London, which supplied their outfits and paid their deposits. The party was accepted on the recommendation of the Governor of the Refuge for the Destitute, Robert Crosby, and deposits were paid for 31 men.

    John Brown, who described himself as 'fisherman and trader', and John Stubbs, an 'agriculturist' of 48 Kenton Street, Bloomsbury, London, joint leaders of a proprietary party, joined forces with Clark after their own application had been refused and many of Clark's people had dropped out. Clark's party as it was finally constituted comprised William Clark as the nominal head; nine independent settlers, mostly married men with families (Harvey, Haugh, Honey, John and Henry Marshall, Taylor, Wentworth, Richard and John White), who had paid their own deposits; 11 men and a boy in service to Clark, some or all of them sponsored by the Refuge for the Indigent; and Brown and Stubbs with eight men and an orphan lad under indenture. Four other men who had engaged to emigrate with Brown and Stubbs eventually joined the party led by Charles Dalgairns which sailed in the same ship. As far as is known, the whole party was recruited in London.

    Clark's party embarked at Deptford in the regular freight ship Northampton, which sailed from Gravesend on 13 December 1819, arriving in Table Bay on 26 March 1820 and Algoa Bay on 30 April. The two divisions of the party separated after landing: Clark's division was located at the source of Botha's River, and named the location Collingham; Brown and Stubbs were located at the Clay Pits, north-east of the Kap River.

    LIST OF CLARK'S DIVISION

    BOX, John 29.
    CHARLSLEY, Edward 18. Labourer.
    CLARK, William 25. Surgeon. w Catherine Eliza 27.
    DAWSON, James 18. Tailor
    DESERT, James 30. Silk weaver.
    EVANS, James 32. Labourer. w Mary 30.
    FULTON, William 18. Labourer.
    GOULDING, John 18. Nailmaker.
    HARVEY, Richard 40. w Sarah 36. c Sarah 13, Elizabeth 11, Mary Ann 9, Job 4, Ruth 2, John.
    HAUGH, John 39. Cowkeeper and grazier. w Elizabeth 40.
    HOLLIDAY, Charles 14 (servant to William Clark).
    HONEY, Jeremiah 36. Farmer. w Ann 30. c Sarah 10, Elizabeth 8, Ann Webb 5, Cordelia 3 (died at sea),
    Frances (born at sea).
    MARSHALL, Henry 28. Silversmith. w Mary 24. c Henry 3, Mary Ann 1, James Northampton (born at sea).
    MARSHALL, John 40. Gardener.
    PARRYMORE, Thomas 18. Shoemaker.
    ROBERTSHAW, William 18. Labourer.
    TAYLOR, John 38. Shopkeeper. w Mary 40. c John Walton 8.
    THORN, George 28. Farmer.
    WENTWORTH, William 35. Carpenter. w Frances Maria 24. c William 13.
    WHITE, John 18. Ropemaker.
    WHITE, Richard 40. Merchant and ropemaker.
    WILLIAMS, Isaac 18. Shoemaker.

    LIST OF BROWN'S AND STUBBS' DIVISION

    BLAKEMORE, George 33. Farmer. w Sarah 34. c Mary Ann 9, Elizabeth 5, Harriet 1.
    BROWN, John 28. Fisherman and trader. w Ann 25. c Elizabeth 4, Ann 2.
    DAVIS, David 40. Smith. c David 16.
    DENHAM, William 31. Labourer. w Sarah 32. c George 3.
    FANCUTT, Thomas 28. Husbandman. w Ann 32. c Louisa 11, Thomas 9.
    HARRISON, William 34. Farmer and butcher.
    MAINMAN, Thomas 25. Labourer.
    SAUNDERS, John 36. Gardener. w Ann 3. c John 9, Thomas 4.
    STUBBS, John 35. Agriculturist. w Ann 34. c Elizabeth 13, John 12, Thomas 10, William 6, Ellen 3, Richard 1.
    WARNER, Ebenezer 28. Husbandman. w Louisa 28. c Thomas 10, William 4.
    WHITFIELD, Charlotte 23 (listed as Charlotte Brown).

    *FOSS, Thomas.
    *REYNOLDS, Robert. Wheelwright.
    *WEST, Thomas.
    *WOOD, Daniel. Butcher.

    Main sources for party list
    Agent of Transports' List of persons belonging to Mr Clark's party embarked on board the Northampton (Cape Archives CO 136); Special Commissioner W Hayward's notes (Cape Archives CO 8542); Reminiscences of Thomas Stubbs, ed WA Maxwell and RT McGeogh (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1978).

    A young woman who was entered in the sailing list as John Brown's sister, Charlotte Brown, is believed to have been Charlotte Whitfield, who settled near Brown at the Clay Pits and bore him five children between 1822 and 1829.

    The names of the nine independent settlers of Clark's division are confirmed in Special Commissioner Hayward's notes, but the list of Brown's and Stubbs' settlers is known to be inaccurate and incomplete. Major George Pigot complained to the Colonial Department that the naval authorites at Deptford would not allow any person whose name was not on the official list to board the Northampton and he obtained the Department's sanction to admit substitutes in place of last minute withdrawals from his party. Brown and Stubbs were less influential than Pigot and desperate to emigrate, and substitutes in their party appear to have travelled under the name of the people they replaced, rather than risk rejection by bringing the changes to the notice of the authorities. No mention has been traced in colonial records of David Davis snr and jnr, Harrison and Saunders, other than their names in the sailing list, and it is possible that they did not emigrate.

    *It is known from Thomas Stubbs' reminiscences that his father's party included three men, Tom Foss, Robert Reynolds and Daniel Wood, a butcher; an orphan lad of about 15, Tom West; and an 18-year-old maidservant, whose names do not appear on any list and who must be presumed to have joined the party as replacements for late withdrawals.

    Further reading
    Reminiscences of Thomas Stubbs, ed WA Maxwell and RT McGeogh (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1978);
    Journals of Sophia Pigot, ed Margaret Rainier (Cape Town, AA Balkema, 1974).
    This includes an account of the Northampton's voyage.

    This page copied from 1820 Settlers - http://www.genealogyworld.net/nash/clark.html

     


 
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